Fort Valley State University professor Dr. Thomas Terrill will soon travel across the world to help people better feed their families and improve their economic stability.
Selected earlier this year to serve three years as a Fulbright Specialist, Terrill, an associate professor of animal science, received his first assignment to South Africa scheduled in November. For three weeks, he will work collaboratively with international partners in educational, political, cultural, economical and scientific fields.
During his stay, Terrill plans to conduct a research and outreach planning workshop and to introduce a new system. This system allows farmers to use their cellphones to access decision support software for needed information to keep their animals healthy or to better grow their crops. Terrill collaborated with a colleague from the University of Pretoria in South Africa and a computer modeler from the University of North Georgia (UNG), Gainesville campus, to develop the system.
“There is a push now for precision agriculture. This will be almost like precision health management, where farmers can access all of the information they need very readily by the use of their cellphones,” Terrill said.
Explaining the process, he said they will demonstrate how to work with computer modelers who will send information to a remote location and then develop algorithms to inform farmers when an animal needs to be treated or when a crop needs to be planted or harvested.
“We want to apply it in southern Africa,” Terrill said. “The government there is quite excited about the potential of this system. It’ll help different countries identify certain disease outbreaks that are very costly to them, such as hoof and mouth disease (HMD).”
He noted if there is an outbreak, then farmers can’t sell their beef.
“With limited resources, if we can electronically pinpoint where these outbreaks occur, then they can focus all of their energy on stopping it,” Terrill said.
The process involves using a receiver that sends a radio signal based on an animal’s level of activity.
“You can tell if they’re stressed, diseased or under attack,” Terrill explained. “With HMD, it causes lameness, and the animal can’t eat very well because it has sores in its mouth. It affects their behavior significantly.
By using this technology, we can pinpoint the type of behavior associated with that particular disease and look for that signal. Then we can send a message to farmers or veterinarians to let them know that there is a problem.”
Terrill said this concept came about due to a critical shortage of manpower for people of expert opinions to assist by going out to the farms in places like South Africa.
“It gives a way for farmers to access the information they need to be able to make critical decisions to help improve their animal’s health, particularly for subsistence level farmers,” Terrill said. “That would mean more milk or meat for their family to eat or to sell to others, which would help them both nutritionally and financially.”
Before leaving South Africa, he hopes to have a blueprint on how they’re going to move forward with funding the project and implementing it.
“Up until now, we’ve described the potential for it, but now we have a critical team together and an initial model and we’ve demonstrated that it actually does work,” Terrill said.
Furthermore, Terrill will speak at a conference in Cape Town. As the coordinator of a group called the American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control (ACSRPC), he will give lectures to students at the University of Pretoria on some of their work, such as the use of sericea lespedeza as a low-input crop that can be used to suppress internal parasites in animals and the potential use of this plant in southern Africa.
“I’m very excited about the possibility of going back to South Africa, but I also enjoy working with these really brilliant individuals who are also focused on helping farmers,” Terrill said. “It’s very rewarding. I’m hoping it’s the beginning of something bigger.”
The Fulbright Program aims to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries. Terrill is joining the flagship international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government, alongside many distinguished figures around the world. The Fulbright grant to South Africa is made possible through taxpayer funds appropriated annually by the U.S. Congress and, in many cases, by contributions from partner countries and private parties.
For more information about the Fulbright project, contact Terrill at (478) 825-6814 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
FVSU Agricultural Communications Department